Numerical Simulation for Cylindrical Electrostatic Precipitator: Effect of the Applied Voltage

Main Article Content

Athraa A. Hussein
Thamir H. Khalaf


Coaxial (wire-cylinder) electrodes arrangements are widely used for electrostatic deposition of dust particles in flue gases, when a high voltage is applied to electrodes immersed in air and provide a strongly non-uniform electric field. The efficiency of electrostatic filters mainly depends on the value of the applied voltage and the distribution of the electric field. In this work, a two-dimensional computer simulation was constructed to study the effect of different applied voltages (20, 22, 25, 26, 28, 30 kV) on the inner electrode and their effect on the efficiency of the electrostatic precipitator. Finite Element Method (FEM) and COMSOL Multiphysics software were used to simulate the cross section of a wire cylinder. The results showed that the velocity of the liquid and the charge accumulation of the particles increased with the increase of the applied voltage and also the efficiency of the precipitator increased and reached 100% with an applied voltage of 30 kV.

Article Details

How to Cite
Athraa A. Hussein, Thamir H. Khalaf. Numerical Simulation for Cylindrical Electrostatic Precipitator: Effect of the Applied Voltage. IJP [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 6];20(4):35-44. Available from:


Martínez T. J., Pastor P. J., Sancho Val J., McNabola A., Martínez C. M., and Gallagher J., A Functional data analysis approach for the detection of air pollution episodes and outliers: a case study in Dublin, Ireland. Mathematics, 2020. 8(2): pp. 225(1-20).

Zheng C., Liu X., Yan P., Zhang Y., Wang Y., Qiu K., and Gao X., Measurement and prediction of fly ash resistivity over a wide range of temperature. Fuel, 2018. 216: pp. 673-680.

Li D. and Cheng Y., Evaluation of gas control ability of a coal and gas outburst mine. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, Environmental Effects, 2014. 36(21): pp. 2401-2409.

Hu J., Lei T., Wang Z., Yan X., Shi X., Li Z., He X., and Zhang Q., Economic, environmental and social assessment of briquette fuel from agricultural residues in China–a study on flat die briquetting using corn stalk. Energy, 2014. 64: pp. 557-566.

Yang Z., Zheng C., Li Q., Zheng H., Zhao H., and Gao X., Fast evolution of sulfuric acid aerosol activated by external fields for enhanced emission control. Environmental Science Technology, 2020. 54(5): pp. 3022-3031.

Zheng C., Zheng H., Shen J., Gao W., Yang Z., Zhao Z., Wang Y., Zhang H., and Gao X., Evolution of condensable fine particle size distribution in simulated flue gas by external regulation for growth enhancement. Environmental Science Technology, 2020. 54(7): pp. 3840-3848.

Dong M., Zhou F., Zhang Y., Shang Y., and Li S., Numerical study on fine-particle charging and transport behaviour in electrostatic precipitators. Powder Technology, 2018. 330: pp. 210-218.

Wen T.-Y. and Su J.-L., Corona discharge characteristics of cylindrical electrodes in a two-stage electrostatic precipitator. Heliyon, 2020. 6(2): pp.1-6.

Berkane Krachai C., Experimental modelling of wire-to-multicylinder electrostatic precipitator. Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, 2020. 96(10): pp.179-183.

Zheng C., Zhang X., Yang Z., Liang C., Guo Y., Wang Y., and Gao X., Numerical simulation of corona discharge and particle transport behavior with the particle space charge effect. Journal of Aerosol Science, 2018. 118: pp. 22-33.

Wang J.J., Malissa J.D., Phillips III J.R., Johansen M.R., Calle C.I., and Buhler C.R. Numerical model of the mars electrostatic precipitator. in COMSOL Conference. 2019.

Potrymai E. and Perstnov I., Time dependent modelling and simulation of the corona discharge in electrostatic precipitators, Master Thesis, Linnaeus University, 2014.

Most read articles by the same author(s)