Study of weathering effect on the thermal conductivity of polyvinyl chloride before and after silicon carbide addition as packaging materials

  • Nahida J. Hammed
Keywords: Thermal conductivity, PVC, SiC, Plastic packaging, UVweatherizing, Thermal aging, Rainweatherizing.


The work was carried out in two stages. The first stage concerned
with study of silicon carbide (SiC) ratio (1.5, 2.5, 3.5, and 4.5 wt%)
effect on the Thermal conductivity of polyvinyl chloride (PVC); and
the second stage concerned with the UV – weatherizing (25, 50, and
75 hr), thermal aging (40, 50, and 60 °C), and rain- weatherizing (1,
2.5, and 4 hr) effect on the samples involved. Thermal conductivity
results proved that there was slight increase in thermal conductivity
by (SiC) loading; it increased from 0.17 W/m.K for PVC to 0.19
W/m.K for 4.5% SiC/PVC; where as it was systematically decreased
by UV- weatherizing, thermal aging, and rain- weatherizing. This
property is in a good agreement with general characteristics of
packaging materials as warm or cold food packaging.