Assessment of vegetal cover changes using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and subtractive (NDVI) time-series, Karbala province, Iraq
Karbala province regarded one part significant zones in Iraq and considered an economic resource of vegetation such as trees of fruits, sieve and other vegetation. This research aimed to utilize Normalized Difference Vegetation index (NDVI) and Subtracted (NDVI) for investigating the current vegetation cover at last four decay. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is the most extensively used satellite index of vegetation health and density. The primary goals of this research are gather a gathering of studied area (Karbala province) satellite images in sequence time for a similar region, these image captured by Landsat (TM 1985, TM 1995, ETM+ 2005 and Landsat 8 OLI (Operational Land Imager) 2015. Preprocessing such gap filling consider being vital stride has been implied on the defected image which captured in Landsat 2005 and isolate the regions of studied region. The Assessment vegetal cover changes of the studied area in this paper has been implemented using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (GNDVI) and change detection techniques such as Subtracted (NDVI) method also have been used to detect the change in vegetal cover of the studied region. Many histogram and statistical properties were illustrated has been computed. From The results shows there are increasing in the vegetal cover from 1985 to 2015.