Experimental study for the properties of Fe3O4 dusty plasma using the air in vacuum chamber system

  • Ala’ Fadhil Ahmed
Keywords: Dusty plasma, Plasma parameters, Fe3O4 dust, Plasma sheath, Langmuir probe.

Abstract

In this work, we carried out an experimental study of thedusty
plasma by taking the dust material Fe3O4 with radius of the any grain
0.1μm - 0.5μm. In experiment we use air in the vacuum chamber
system under different low pressure (0.1-1) Torr. The results
illustrated that the present of dust particles in the air plasma did not
effect on Paschen minimum which is 0.5 without dust and with Fe3O4
dusty grains.
The effect of Fe3O4 dust particles on plasma parameters can be
notice in direct current system in glow discharge region. The plasma
parameters which were studied in this work represent plasma
potential, floating potential,electron saturation current, temperature
of the electron, the density of the (electron, ion), and Debye length.
The measurements of parameters are taken by four cylindrical probes
which diagnosed at distance 4cm from the diameter of the cathode in
Paschen minimum at pressure 0.5 Torr. The diameter profiles of
plasma parameters in the present of dust are non- uniform. Plasma
potential and the floating potential of probe becomes more negatively
when the dust immersed into plasma region. The electron density
increases in the present of dust particle which lead to decrease the
electron temperature and Debye length. The behavior of those
parameters shows the discharge current and discharge voltage
increases without dust while the discharge current and voltage
decreases when Fe3O4 dust particles embedded.

Published
2019-02-10
Section
Articles