Characterization of Magnetized-Plasma System Induced by Laser

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Zahraa Marid Abbas
Qusay Adnan Abbas


  This study investigated the effect of applying an external magnetic field on the characteristics of laser-induced plasma, such as its parameters plasma, magnetization properties, emission line intensities, and plasma coefficients, for plasma induced from zinc oxide: aluminum composite (ZO:AL) at an atomic ratio of 0.3 %. Plasma properties include magnetization and emission line intensities. The excitation was done by a pulsed laser of Nd:YAG with 400 mJ energy at atmospheric pressure. Both the electron temperature and number density were determined with the help of the Stark effect principle and the Boltzmann-Plot method. There was a rise in the amount of (ne) and (Te) that was produced by applying a magnetic field and, on the other hand, using the 532 nm wavelength rather than the fundamental wavelength of a laser. The emission lines in the atmosphere's plasma have an appearance of Lorentzian shape. The 532 nm laser exhibited a decrease in both the Larmor radius and the confinement factor compared with the 1064 nm laser. By applying the magnetic field, the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) intensities increased by 1.44 times when compared to the emissions before applying the field. In addition, the spectral line intensities improved with the fundamental wavelength compared to the second harmonic frequency as a result of the increase in the extracted materials. This is due to the increase in the absorbance of the laser by the target, as some of these materials are excited, so they act as emission sources, which makes them more detectable.

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How to Cite
Characterization of Magnetized-Plasma System Induced by Laser. IJP [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 1 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];21(4):45-5. Available from:

How to Cite

Characterization of Magnetized-Plasma System Induced by Laser. IJP [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 1 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];21(4):45-5. Available from:


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