Design and constructions laser - induced breakdown spectroscopy system to determine the fertility of north Iraqi soil

  • Nuha Ahmed Hussein
Keywords: Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), soil analysis by XRF, soil fertility


Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) has been documented as an Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (AES) technique, utilising laser-induced plasma, in order to analyse elements in materials (gases, liquids and solid). The Nd:YAG laser passively Q-switched at 1064nm and 9ns pulse duration focused by convex lens with focal length 100 mm to generates power density 5.5×1012 Mw/mm2 with optical spectrum in the range 320-740 nm. Four soil samples were brought from different northern region of Iraq, northern region (Beiji, Sherkat, Serjnar and Zerkary).
The soil of the Northern region of Beige, Sherkat, Serjnar and Zarkary has abundant ratios of the elements P [0.08, 0.09, 0.18, 0.18] and Ca [0.61, 0.15, 0.92, 0.92] while it lack of Si [0.008, 0.004, 0.04, 0.02] element. The data analysis for these soils showed that the cities of Serjnar and Zarkary have soils better than of Sherkat. It is noticed from the obtained P [0.18], and Ca [0.92] elements concentrations of the soil that the cities of Serjnar and Zarkary have the best soil for cultivation.