Structural and Infrared Spectroscopy of Polyvinylpyrrolidone/Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite

Main Article Content

Shahad M. Omran
Estabraq T. Abdullah
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2893-3529
Omar A. Al-Zuhairi

Abstract

In this work, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/ Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposites were prepared with two concentrations of MWCNTs by casting method. Morphological, structural characteristics and electrical properties were investigated. The state of MWCNTs dispersion in a PVP matrix was indicated by Field Effect-Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM) which showed a uniform dispersion of MWCNTs within the PVP matrix. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) indicate strong bonding of carbonyl groups of PVP composite chains with MWCNTs. Fourier transfer infrared (FTIR) studies shows characteristics of various stretching and bending vibration bands, as well as shifts in some band locations and intensity changes in others. Hall effect was studied to test the type of charge carriers which was shown to be P-type. The electrical conductivity was shown increased for the pure PVP and pure MWCNT from (2.047×10-5) (Ω.cm)-1 and (3.683×101) (Ω.cm)-1 to (2.51×102 and 2.36×102) (Ω.cm)-1for both concentrations of nanocomposites, which indicate the conductivity was enhancement by using the carbon nanotubes.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Omran SM, Abdullah ET, Al-Zuhairi OA. Structural and Infrared Spectroscopy of Polyvinylpyrrolidone/Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite. IJP [Internet]. 2021 Dec. 1 [cited 2022 Jan. 27];19(51):1-6. Available from: https://ijp.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/physics/article/view/691
Section
Articles

References

Aval L. F., Ghoranneviss M., and Pour G. B. High-performance supercapacitors based on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and graphite nanoparticles electrodes, Heliyon, 2018. 4(11): pp. 1-17.

Bishop M.D., Hills G., Srimani T., Lau C., Murphy D., Fuller S., Humes J., Ratkovich A., Nelson M., and Shulaker M.M., Fabrication of carbon nanotube field-effect transistors in commercial silicon manufacturing facilities, Nat. Electron,2020. 3(8): pp. 492-501.

Svensson J. and Eleanor Campbell E.B., Schottky barriers in carbon nanotube-metal contacts, J. Aplied Phys, 2011. 110(11): pp. 1-16.

Khan D., Ali Z., Asif D., Panjwani M.K andKhan, I., Incorporation of carbon nanotubes in photoactive layer of organic solar cells, Ain Shams Eng. J., 2021. 12(1): pp. 897-900.

M.T.S. Chani, K.S. Karimov, and A.M.Asiri, Impedimetric humidity and temperature sensing properties of the graphene–carbon nanotubes–silicone adhesive nanocomposite, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron., 2019. 30(7): pp. 6419-6429.

Enad A.Gh., Abdullah E.T., Hamed, and Hamed M. Gh, Study the Electrical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes/Polyaniline Nanocomposites, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019. 1178(1): pp. 1-8.

Itapu B. and Jayatissa A., A Review in Graphene/Polymer Composites, Chem. Sci. Int. J., 2018. 23(3): pp. 1-16.

Mergen Ö. B., Umut E., Arda E., andKara S., A comparative study on the AC/DC conductivity, dielectric and optical properties of polystyrene/graphene nanoplatelets (PS/GNP) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (PS/MWCNT) nanocomposites, Polym. Test, 2020.90: pp. 22-37.

Quaranta S., Giorcelli M., and Savi P., Graphene and MWCNT Printed Films: Preparation and RF Electrical Properties Study, J. Nanomater., 2019. 2019: pp. 1-9.

Abedi M., Fangueiro R., and Correia A. G., An Effective Method for Hybrid CNT/GNP Dispersion and Its Effects on the Mechanical, Microstructural, Thermal, and Electrical Properties of Multifunctional Cementitious Composites, J. Nanomater., 2020. 2020: pp. 1-20.

Alibe I.M., Matori K.A., Sidek H-A.A., Yaakob Y., Rashid U.,Alibe A.M., Zaid M.H.M., Nasir S., and Nasir M.M., Effects of polyvinylpyrrolidone on structural and optical properties of willemite semiconductor nanoparticles by polymer thermal treatment method, J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 2019. 136(6), pp. 2249-2268.

Teodorescu M. and Bercea M., Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) – A Versatile Polymer for Biomedical and Beyond Medical Applications,Polym.-Plast.Technol. Eng., 2015. 54(9): pp.923-943.

Zidana M., Abdelrazek E.M., Abdelghany A. M., and Tarabiah A. E., Characterization and some physical studies of PVA/PVP filled with MWCNTs., Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 2018.8(1), pp.1-10.

Abdullah E. T., Hassan S. M., andAhmed R. S., Electrical Properties of Polyaniline/Functionalized Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite,Int. J. Curr. Eng. Technol., 2016. 6(2): pp. 617-621.

Fiedler B. and Schulte K., Carbon nanotube-based composites, Compr.Compos. Mater. II., 2017. 4(1):pp. 201-229.

Most read articles by the same author(s)