Effects of Q-switched Nd: YAG laser irradiation on the aqueous solution of human albumin and calf-thymus double strand DNA (ctds)

  • Nida Hassan Ali
Keywords: Q-switched Nd:YAG laser, Albumin, DNA.


Q-switched lasers widely used in management skin diseases and
sometimes its effect may be inadequate or associated with
cytotoxicity. The current study aimed to investigate the effect of
Q-switched Nd:YAG laser upon cellular elements using in vitro
experimental model. Aqueous solutions of human albumin and pure
calf thymus double strand deoxyribonucleic acid (ctdsDNA)
irradiated with Q-switched Nd:YAG laser at different rates (1, 3 Hz)
and time exposure (up to 60 seconds) using 532 nm (400 mJ) and
1064 (1200 mJ) nm wavelength with fixed spot size of 4 mm. The
effect of laser irradiation on the albumin solution also studied in the
presence of elemental salts of copper, zinc and iron.
Q-switched laser irradiation at 532 nm produced albumin molecule
damage that potentiated by copper sulfate and variable effect with
zinc sulfate. Iron salt stabilized the effect of laser irradiation upon
albumin molecule. The effect of laser irradiation at 1064 nm is less
than that observed with 532 nm wavelength. ctdsDNA strands are
more susceptible to Q-switched Nd:YAG laser radiation when
exposed at 532 nm with pulse rate of 3Hz. It concludes that using
Q-switched Nd:YAG laser is safe upon the c