Microwave losses of nanostructure Li-Ni ferrites in X-band and Ku-band

  • Sadeq H. Lafta
Keywords: NanoLi-Ni ferrites, hydrothermal, particle size, reflection loss, insertion loss.


The molar ratio(x) of Li-Ni ferrites in the formula Li0.5-0.5xNixFe2.5-
0.5xO4 was varied in range 0.1-1.0 by hydrothermal process. The
XRD, SEM, and TEM tests were conducted to examine the samples
crystalline phase and to characterize the particles shapes and sizes.
The high purity spinel structure was obtained at med and high x
values. SEM and TEM images showed the existence of different
ferrite particles shapes like nanospheres and nanorods. The
maximum particle size is around (20nm). These size encourage
occurrence of super paramagnetic state. The reflection loss and
insertion loss as microwave losses of Li-Ni ferrite-epoxy composite
of 1mm thickness and mixing ratio 39.4 wt was investigated. The
minimum reflection loss in x-band and in Ku band was about -8dB
around 10GHz and lower than -18dB respectively. The insertion loss
exceeded -6dB in the two band for some samples.