Structural Properties of Prepared PANI/TiO2 Nanocomposite by Chemical Polymerization

Main Article Content

Noor K. Abid
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7028-1616
Salma M. Hasan

Abstract

A progression of Polyaniline (PANI) and Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by an in-situ polymerization strategy within the sight of TiO2 NPs. The subsequent nanocomposites were analyzed using Fourier-transform infrared spectra (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX) taken for the prepared samples. PANI/TiO2 nanocomposites were prepared by various compound materials (with H2SO4 0.3 M and without it, to compare the outcome of it) by the compound oxidation technique using ammonium persulfate (APS) as oxidant within the sight of ultrafine grade powder of TiO2 cooled in an ice bath. Nanocomposites were prepared by the addition of TiO2 with two weight ratios (0.3 and 0.5 wt. %) during the polymerization of PANI. The outcomes showed good collaboration between PANI and TiO2. FTIR spectral shows a shift to higher wave numbers in the peaks of PANI/TiO2 nanocomposites, due to the Coulomb force that resulted from the interaction between the TiO2 nanoparticles with PANI. SEM results show that the TiO2 nanoparticles enwrap the polyaniline and agglomeration of uneven distribution of TiO2 particles can be seen in the PANI matrix. The intensity of the peak in the EDX analyses was found to appear by adding the nanoparticles. XRD pattern of PANI polymerization and PANITNCs shows that the TiO2 NPs and PANI affected the crystallization performance of nanocomposites, it was identified that the TiO2 NPs form a relatively irregular distribution in the PANI chain.

Article Details

How to Cite
1.
Abid NK, Salma M. Hasan. Structural Properties of Prepared PANI/TiO2 Nanocomposite by Chemical Polymerization. IJP [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 1 [cited 2023 Feb. 6];20(3):29-3. Available from: https://ijp.uobaghdad.edu.iq/index.php/physics/article/view/1018
Section
Articles

References

Beygisangchin M., Abdul Rashid S., Shafie S., Sadrolhosseini A.R., and Lim H.N., Preparations, properties, and applications of polyaniline and polyaniline thin films—A review. Polymers, 2021. 13(12): pp.2003(1-46).

Najjar R., Katourani S.A., and Hosseini M.G., Self-healing and corrosion protection performance of organic [email protected] urea-formaldehyde resin core-shell nanoparticles in epoxy/PANI/ZnO nanocomposite coatings on anodized aluminum alloy. Progress in Organic Coatings, 2018. 124: pp.110-121.

Liao G., Li Q., Zhao W., Pang Q., Gao H., and Xu Z., In-situ construction of novel silver nanoparticle decorated polymeric spheres as highly active and stable catalysts for reduction of methylene blue dye. Applied Catalysis A: General, 2018. 549: pp. 102-111.

Park C.S., Lee C., and Kwon O.S., Conducting polymer based nanobiosensors. Polymers, 2016. 8(7): pp. 249(1-18).

Bhadra J., Alkareem A., and Al-Thani N., A Review of Advances in the Preparation and Application of Polyaniline Based Thermoset Blends and Composites. Journal of Polymer Research, 2020. 27(5): pp. 1-20.

Gómez I.J., Vázquez Sulleiro M., Mantione D., and Alegret N., Carbon nanomaterials embedded in conductive polymers: A state of the art. Polymers, 2021. 13(5): pp. 745(1-51).

Brachetti-Sibaja S.B., Palma-Ramírez D., Torres-Huerta A.M., Domínguez-Crespo M.A., Dorantes-Rosales H.J., Rodríguez-Salazar A.E., and Ramírez-Meneses E., CVD conditions for MWCNTS production and their effects on the optical and electrical properties of PPY/MWCNTS, PANI/MWCNTS nanocomposites by in situ electropolymerization. Polymers, 2021. 13(3): pp. 351(1-29).

Liao G., Green preparation of sulfonated polystyrene/polyaniline/silver composites with enhanced anticorrosive properties. International Journal of Chemistry, 2018. 10(1): pp. 81-86.

Baker C.O., Huang X., Nelson W., and Kaner R.B., Polyaniline nanofibers: broadening applications for conducting polymers. Chemical Society Reviews, 2017. 46(5): pp. 1510-1525.

Sun E., Liao G., Zhang Q., Qu P., Wu G., Xu Y., Yong C., and Huang H., Green preparation of straw fiber reinforced hydrolyzed soy protein isolate/urea/formaldehyde composites for biocomposite flower pots application. Materials, 2018. 11(9): pp. 1695(1-14).

Li Q., Liao G., Tian J., and Xu Z., Preparation of novel fluorinated copolyimide/amine‐functionalized sepia eumelanin nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical, thermal, and UV‐shielding properties. Macromolecular Materials Engineering, 2018. 303(2): pp. 1700407(1-14).

Al-Oqla F.M., Sapuan S., Anwer T., Jawaid M., and Hoque M., Natural fiber reinforced conductive polymer composites as functional materials: A review. Synthetic Metals, 2015. 206: pp. 42-54.

Sobha A., Sreekala P., and Narayanankutty S.K., Electrical, thermal, mechanical and electromagnetic interference shielding properties of PANI/FMWCNT/TPU composites. Progress in Organic Coatings, 2017. 113: pp. 168-174.

Sinha S., Bhadra S., and Khastgir D., Effect of dopant type on the properties of polyaniline. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2009. 112(5): pp. 3135-3140.

Chen X. and Mao S.S., Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, modifications, and applications. Chemical Reviews, 2007. 107(7): pp. 2891-2959.

Kalaiarasi J., Balakrishnan D., Al-Keridis L.A., Al-mekhlafi F.A., Farrag M.A., Kanisha C.C., Murugan M., and Pragathiswaran C., Sensing and antimicrobial activity of polyaniline doped with TiO2 nanocomposite synthesis and characterization. Journal of King Saud University-Science, 2022. 34(3): pp. 101824(1-8).

Yasir M., Optical properties and AC conductivity of PANI-ZnO nanocomposites, M.Sc., Department of Physics, College of Science, Baghdad University, 2015.

Djaoued Y., Badilescu S., Ashrit P., and Robichaud J., Vibrational properties of the sol-gel prepared nanocrystalline TiO2 thin films. The Internet Journal of Vibrational Spectroscopy, 2001. 5(6): pp. 4.

Burgos M. and Langlet M.J.T.S.F., The sol-gel transformation of TIPT coatings: a FTIR study. Thin solid films, 1999. 349(1-2): pp. 19-23.

Kang E., Neoh K., and Tan K., Polyaniline: A polymer with many interesting intrinsic redox states. Progress in Polymer Science, 1998. 23(2): pp. 277-324.

Ramalingam S., Synthesis of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2) by sol-gel method. International Journal of innovation technology exploring engineering, 2019. 9(2S2): pp. 732-735.

Vella Durai S.C., Kumar E., Muthuraj D., and Bena Jothy V., Investigations on structural, optical, and AC conductivity of polyaniline/manganese dioxide nanocomposites. International Journal of Nano Dimension, 2019. 10(4): pp. 410-416.

Mostafaei A. and Zolriasatein A., Synthesis and characterization of conducting polyaniline nanocomposites containing ZnO nanorods. Progress in Natural Science: Materials International, 2012. 22(4): pp. 273-280.

Rajakani P. and Vedhi C., Electrocatalytic properties of polyaniline–TiO2 nanocomposites. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, 2015. 6(4): pp. 247-259.

Antar A., Naimi Y., and Takky D., Development of nickel-cobalt bimetallic/conducting polymer composite used as a catalyst in the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 2018. 161(1): pp. 012027(1-11).