Measurement of background radiation, cosmic ray flux and their hazard parameter of Baghdad city districts

  • Shafik S. Shafik
Keywords: Radiation Background, Cosmic Ray, Baghdad city, Hazard indices.


The aim of this work was directed to measure the cosmic ray (CR)
flux and the background (BG) absorbed dose rate for districts of
Baghdad city. The maximum values of CR flux was 2.01
(particle/cm2.s) registered for several Baghdad districts and the
minimum was 0.403 (particle/cm2.s) belonging to Al-kadhimiya
district, whereas the overall average value was 1.24 (particle/cm2.s).
The BG measurements showed that the maximum absorbed dose was
25 nSv/h belonging to Noab AL-Dhbat district and the minimum
absorbed was 19.01 nSv/h observed in Al-Ghadeer district, while
the overall average was 22.56 nSv/h, and this value is small than the
Iraqi permissible limit, which is restricted by Iraqi Center of
Radiation Protection.
The hazard indices, radium equivalent activity (Raeq), absorbed dose
(D), external annual effective dose (EAD), internal hazard index
(Hin), and external hazard index (Hext), of TBG, were estimated and
all the values of these indices are within the allowed international