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The purpose of this study was to find out the connection between the water parameters that were examined in the laboratory and the water index acquired from the examination of the satellite image of the study area. This was accomplished by analysing the Landsat-8 satellite picture results as well as the geographic information system (GIS). The primary goal of this study is to develop a model for the chemical and physical characteristics of the Al-Abbasia River in Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf Governorate. The water parameters employed in this investigation are as follows: (PH, EC, TDS, TSS, Na, Mg, K, SO4, Cl, and NO3). To collect the samples, ten sampling locations were identified, and the satellite image was obtained on the same day. Geographical information systems (GIS) are commonly used for the process of projecting the coordination often Stations Along Al-Abbasia River in the image of the satellite (Landsat-8) to then analyze the spectral reflections of the items and then treat the data obtained after the analysis process by using (SPSS) Software to find the correlation coefficient and regression equations. Because of the high connections between water metrics and the water index, four regression models were discovered. These models can be used to predict the four water variables (EC, SO4, Cl, and NO3) at any point along the Al-Abbasia River directly from the satellite image.
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